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#StopTheDemandHuman trafficking isn't only a third-world issue or a dramatic film plot. Sex trafficking is a global epidemic that affects 4.5 million men, women, and children everywhere—it can happen across the world or in your own backyard. #StopTheDemand shines a light on the victims and survivors of sex trafficking while raising awareness about one of the main sources that drives the demand for sexual exploitation in the first place: pornography. Join us in fighting exploitation and supporting survivors.

Popular Smallville actress Allison Mack was arrested recently in Brooklyn for her alleged involvement in what authorities described as an abusive sex cult that was associated with a larger umbrella organization called “NXIVM,” according to recent reports.

Apparently, she is a victim of the group as well as one of its chief perpetrators, a self-styled whistleblower told Newsweek.

NXIVM (pronounced nex-e-um) is a company founded by a guy named Keith Raniere, who along with Mack, is facing charges of sex trafficking, sex trafficking conspiracy, and forced labor conspiracy.

Exploitation and sex abuse in a secret society

DOS, an alleged secret society within NXIVM, is allegedly the subgroup in which sex trafficking activities took place.

Raniere told young women that NXIVM was a self-help organization. Officially, Albany-based NXIVM offers “Executive Success Programs Inc.—programs that provide the philosophical and practical foundation necessary to acquire and build the skills for success.” Many well-known actors and actresses have enrolled in the courses over the years.

Mack’s individual experiences within the NXVIM are unclear, but in court documents, prosecutors paint a disturbing picture of what the women Mack recruited went through. Members were “slaves” who reported to “masters,” and worked to move up a ladder of “enlightenment.” Prosecutors believe Mack was near the top of the pyramid with Raniere and “directly or implicitly required” her slaves to engage in sexual activity with Raniere. They were also subject to humiliating practices, including losing weight in order to meet Raniere’s standards of beauty and having sex with him.

Related: Inside The Industry: Performers Speak Out On Trafficking And Exploitation In Porn

Documents describe “branding ceremonies,” in which women were held down by others while naked and filmed while being branded with a cauterizing pen.

Wow. Not okay.

“I think where we’re in a moment in time where we realized that there are a lot of secrets in [the entertainment] industry and it is our obligation to look really closely at all these circumstances, understand them, and be really intolerant of exploitation,” said Lauren Hersh, a former prosecutor and national director of advocacy group World Without Exploitation.

Also, in CNN’s report on the issue she said, it’s important to understand that sex trafficking is not just something that happens to “foreign-born victims in faraway places.”

“And I think it’s an issue we all…need to understand because I think this highlights how vulnerabilities come in all shapes and sizes,” she said. “So in order to prevent it—I mean, there are many things that need to happen—but we all need to be aware of these circumstances.”

Who can traffickers be?

According to anti-trafficking organization The Polaris Project, traffickers (both labor and sex trafficking) can be lone individuals or extensive criminal networks. Pimps, gangs, family members, labor brokers, employers of domestic servants, small business owners, and large factory owners have all been found guilty of human trafficking. Their common thread is a willingness to exploit other human beings for profit. Not cool.

Sex traffickers use violence, threats, lies, debt bondage, and other forms of coercion to compel adults and children to engage in commercial sex acts against their will, according to the Polaris Project. Under U.S. federal law with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, or TVPA, sex trafficking is defined as a situation in which “a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age.”

RelatedThis New App Helps You Stop Sex Trafficking While You Travel

And if you think men are the only ones who traffic and exploit vulnerable people, you might be surprised. Increasingly, women traffic other women, too, as we’ve seen in this news story.

What does this have to do with porn?

A quick Google search reveals explicit hardcore porn that fantasizes the exact crimes that Mack and Raniere are being accused of—performers tied down and branded on camera, young teens and adults unknowingly recruited into sex schemes, vulnerable people forced to have sex with someone in power in order to gain popularity or acceptance.

In other words, the same actions that Mack and Raniere are accused of are marketed as sexual fantasy and entertainment to anyone with an internet signal and a device with a screen. How is this acceptable?

RelatedBy The Numbers: How Porn And Sex Trafficking Are Closely Connected

How is it that our culture rightly speaks out against rape, exploitation, trafficking, and abuse, yet there isn’t also outcry for the porn that depicts the same and far worse?

And sure, the performers depicted in these porn videos may be over 18 (although there’s no real way to know) and sign a binding performer contract that equals a form of consent (though, again, there’s no true way to know), but you can be certain that the scenarios they portray don’t focus on those details. The news of this twisted sex cult especially illustrates that is not just difficult to talk about pornography without talking about sexual exploitation—it is impossible.

Related5 Popular Porn Categories That Are Considered Sexy Online But Are Disturbing In Reality

Especially considering, as we said earlier, a simple porn search can bring up hundreds of videos that basically portray a scripted version of the crimes committed in these horrific instances of force, fraud, and coercion.

How you can help

If we’re really going to tackle the issue of sexual exploitation and trafficking as a society, we need to be aware of all the places where this harmful behavior is normalized, and even promoted—and that includes porn.

Stopping the demand starts with us shining a light on the realities of what’s happening around us. Realizing that porn is tied to sexual abuse means that as we fight porn, we can make a meaningful difference in the fight against normalizing sexual exploitation.

Learn to recognize the signs of trafficking, and know what local law enforcement agency to call if you see something. Get involved with local anti-trafficking organizations by seeing which ones are in your specific area. Together, our voices make a difference, and together, we can end sexual exploitation and slavery.

Related5 Ways You Can Help Fight Human Sex Trafficking In Your Daily Life

If you’re interested in working directly with sex trafficking survivors, HELP International and FTND are offering an all-expense paid volunteer trip to Nepal to the grand-prize winner of our #StopTheDemand campaign. Our Co-Founder and President Clay Olsen is volunteering at the Nepal Shelter in June, and the #StopTheDemand campaign winner will work alongside our Executive Director Natale McAneney during the 11-day August volunteer trip being given away.

Get Involved

One of the best ways to get involved in this fight is to find a local organization that is working to make a difference right in your community, and also on a worldwide scale. Help spread this knowledge and SHARE this article so that others can be aware. Together, we can fight to stop the demand for sexual exploitation in society. Change begins with one.

Spark Conversations

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