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How COVID-19 Has Worsened the Existing Issue of Human Trafficking

Victims find themselves in danger of further abuse or neglect by their captors due to a reduction in legal and government support and protection.


Over 2.5 million, and rising.

That’s the current but ever-growing number of reported COVID-19 cases in the U.S. at the time if this article. Because of COVID-19’s massive scope and infection capabilities, just about everyone has been significantly affected by the global pandemic in some way.

For some people, COVID-19 has forced schooling to move out of classrooms and into student’s own bedrooms through any number of online video communication technologies. For others, the virus has led to lost jobs and monetary difficulties. Some people are now unable to see friends and family members, while others are unable to meet with counselors or doctors.

Related: UPS Trains 97,000 Delivery Drivers To Spot Signs Of Human Trafficking

We could go on, but you get the point: many people have been negatively impacted by COVID-19.

However, there’s a difference between being affected by something and having your life radically endangered by that same thing. And, no, we’re not just talking about getting the virus—we’re talking about human trafficking.

Let us explain.

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COVID-19 has further endangered victims of human trafficking

Media attention is centered almost entirely on what kinds of populations are most vulnerable to getting the virus. Now, that’s extremely important information, but it doesn’t provide the whole story when it comes to who’s being affected by the global pandemic.

One of the world’s most vulnerable populations right now is victims of human trafficking. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), lockdowns, travel restrictions, resource cutbacks and other measures to curb the spread of the new coronavirus are putting victims of human trafficking at risk of further exploitation, while organized crime networks could further profit from the pandemic.

Related: Phil’s Story: I Bought Sex From A Woman While On Vacation, Not Realizing She Was A Trafficking Victim

UNODC executive director Ghada Fathi Waly says that these mechanisms of safety for the rest of us actually lead “…human trafficking victims [to] have even less chance of escape and finding help.”

Some countries have shut down their borders, leaving victims unable to return home. Other victims find themselves in danger of further abuse or neglect by their captors due to a reduction in legal and government support and protection.

A recent article, posted by tech and data-driven anti-trafficking nonprofit Polaris, agreed with the UNODC’s sentiments: COVID-19 has put human trafficking victims at risk in ways they have never seen before.

Among such risks is “an incredibly disturbing trend toward landlords pressuring cash-strapped renters to trade sexual services in return for not being made homeless.” (And just in case we’re not clear here, pressuring another into sexual favors by way of coercion is human trafficking).

Related: How Porn Is Sometimes The Recorded Evidence Of Sex Trafficking

Moreover, the most prolific buyers are still buying sex regardless of the health threat they may be posing to themselves and others. Some of these buyers have pointed to lower demand from other buyers as an opportunity to negotiate lower prices. This lower demand raises concerns that people in trafficking situations may face added pressure from their traffickers to engage in riskier in-person sexual activity in order to shore up lower amounts of business.

And, get this: adults aren’t the only ones affected by the pandemic in this capacity.

COVID-19 has led to increased vulnerability for children worldwide

School closures have not only blocked education access, but have also shut down what serves as a vital source of shelter and food for millions of children.

According to a United Nations report, this means that an estimated 370 million students worldwide are missing out on what is often their only reliable source of nutrition, school meals.

Related: How To Report Human Trafficking When You See Something Suspicious

It is for reasons like these that the UNODC’s partners have reported that more and more children are being forced onto the streets to search for food and money, thus increasing their chances of being exploited.

Prior to the conception of the global pandemic, up to 66 million children were already living in “a precarious socioeconomic situation,” disclosed Mama Fatima Singhateh, a UN independent human rights expert. Now, Ms. Singhateh fears that new forms of exploitation and abuse in tandem with the reported increases in violence against children will only serve to create an even more “devastating“ impact.

COVID-19 has led children to face to new forms of abuse

In particular, Ms. Singhateh points to travel restrictions as the predominant reason for the new “delivery” or “drive-thru” services that have become popular among predators due to COVID-19.

Yes, you heard us right. In a similar manner to how you would order a Chipotle burrito delivery, one can order a child online to be dropped off at their house for their abuse and exploitation.

Disturbing, right?

Related: Meet The Researchers Developing Apps To Educate People About Sex Trafficking

Even worse, it doesn’t stop there. Ms. Singhateh also says that, “Producing and accessing child sexual abuse material and live-stream child sexual abuse online has now become an easy alternative to groom and lure children into sexual activities and to trade images in online communities.”

Such production increases and access capability improvements could just be the reason for why there has been a spike in the number of people trying to access illegal websites featuring child porn.


Why this matters

When trafficking and porn are compared, people frequently assume that the two issues are miles apart. However, that couldn’t be further from the truth. In fact, the two are often one and the same in more cases than many believe.

Polaris says that “trafficking victims are now being forced to participate in remote, web-based sexual activity or pornography and that the marketplace for those activities has grown.”

Related: This Train Passenger’s Tweet Saved 25 Girls From Human Trafficking

In other words, this means that a person on a webcam or in a pornographic video is as likely to be a trafficking victim as a person selling sex in any other environment.

The global health crisis of COVID-19 has met the global crisis of human trafficking, with devastating results.

Click here to learn more about how the porn industry and human trafficking are connected.